OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

Russian Federation

DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/sti_outlook-2008-38-en

The Russian research and innovation system suffered a sharp decline in funding during the 1990s and only in recent years has it begun to recover. R&D intensity fell from over 2% of GDP in 1990 to 0.74% in just two years, and after reaching 1.28% in ...



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